Dysuria due to Discospondylitis and Intervertebral Disc Herniation in a Male Alpaca (Vicugna pacos)
Marlene Sickinger, Manuela Hirz, Martin J. Schmidt and Manfred Reinacher
Date of Publication:
Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, 2016, 58:33
Dysuria in camelids is usually associated with the presence of lower urinary tract disease such as urolithiasis. As another differential diagnosis, urine retention may be caused by neurological disturbances resulting from infections of the spinal cord, discospondylitis or trauma.
Read the rest of the article: https://actavetscand.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13028-016-0216-5
Created by • Last edit by on Jun 13, 2018