Tag: "reproduction"

  • In this article, you are about to see that the South American Camelids appear to be a physiological and anatomical blend between cattle, horses, pigs and cats! I will point out these similarities as the article progresses. more »
  • From spring 1990 to autumn 1993, 44 spring-mated and 82 autumn-mated alpacas at Flock House Agricultural Centre (FH) had their pregnancies monitored by ultrasound every 10–14 days from day 20 to day 120 of gestation. A further 32 autumn-mated alpacas at Tara Hills High Country Research Station (TH) were monitored in 1992. Trans-rectal probes were used in early gestation and trans-abdominal probes in late gestation. As techniques for pregnancy diagnosis in alpacas improved during the experiment, the stage of gestation at which pregnancies were first confirmed became earlier. From spring 1991 onwards most pregnancies were first diagnosed at 20–30 days of gestation. Progesterone concentrations were determined from individual blood samples collected each time alpacas were brought in for pregnancy diagnosis from spring 1991 onwards. Foetal loss from day 30 onwards was 25.7% with the foetal losses after day 120 of gestation being 9.6–16.7% in different mating groups. There were apparent differences in the pattern of foetal loss between autumn- and spring-mated alpacas at FH with foetal losses before day 81 being 17.3% and 2.8% respectively and no significant difference in foetal loss after day 81 of gestation. The younger New Zealand born alpacas had a similar incidence of foetal loss to the older Chilean born alpacas. There was a suggestion at TH that the stress of transport and relocation of a group of alpacas at 212 ± 3 days of gestation precipitated a high incidence of foetal loss. The spring-mated alpacas had a longer gestation length (350.1 ± 2.7 days) than autumn-mated alpacas at FH (340.2 ± 1.9 days). more »
  • A look at the basic fundamentals of the physiology of reproduction in alpacas. more »